Green tea vs Black tea

Green Tea vs Black tea: Which one is healthier?

Cup of lemon black tea being poured with blog title

Tea, celebrated for its delightful flavors and revitalizing effects, is a staple in morning routines worldwide. Among the varieties, green tea and black tea, derived from the Camellia sinensis plant, stand out. This article explores their distinct qualities and health benefits, guiding you to choose the right tea for your lifestyle and health needs.

What is Green Tea?

Green tea is a revered beverage around the globe, known for its health benefits and variety. From the delicate flavors of Matcha and Gunpowder to the refined tastes of Dragon Well and pearls, green tea offers a refreshing palette of choices. 

How Green Tea is produced?

The production of green tea involves picking, wilting, and quickly heating the leaves to prevent oxidation. This process preserves the green color and delicate flavor, distinctively different when compared to black tea, which undergoes full oxidation.

What is Black Tea?

Originating from China, black tea has found a home across the world, from the mountains of Nepal to the gardens of Sri Lanka and India. Ilam Black Tea, for instance, is a notable variety from Nepal.

How is Black Tea is produced?

Black tea undergoes a full oxidation process. After plucking and withering, the leaves are cracked to release enzymes for oxidation, enriching the tea with a dark brown hue and robust flavors.

Comparing Teas: Green vs. Black

The primary difference between black and green tea lies in the oxidation process. Green tea avoids oxidation, maintaining a green color and lighter caffeine content of 20-50mg per cup, except for matcha, which contains 40-60mg. In contrast, black tea contains the most caffeine of all teas, ranging from 64-112mg per cup, enhancing mental alertness.

  • Caffeine and Polyphenols

    The caffeine content in green tea generally ranges from 20-50mg per cup, with matcha on the higher end, while black tea can contain 64-112mg per cup. Polyphenols differ notably between the two: green tea is rich in catechins like EGCG, which are powerful antioxidants with extensive health benefits. Black tea contains theaflavins and thearubigins, which emerge during oxidation and are known for their antioxidant properties.

  • Flavor and Color

    Green tea maintains a pale, green color and offers a vegetal, fresh flavor due to minimal oxidation. Black tea, known for its dark color and robust flavor, can vary from malty to fruity, influenced by its complete oxidation process

Green Tea vs. Black Tea: Which is Healthier for You?

Both green tea and black tea have many health benefits. But it can be difficult for many of us to know which tea benefits us the most. Let’s go through some of the health benefits of green tea and black tea so that you can select the tea best suited for you.

Health benefits of Green Tea

Full cup of Green tea

People have been reaping the health benefits of green tea for centuries. Various research has shown that green tea has been traditionally used as medicine in Japan and China for hundreds of years. The rich nutrients and antioxidant content in green tea have made it one of the healthiest beverages in the world.

  • Improved Brain Function: The key ingredient content in green tea is caffeine, the stimulant that keeps your brain on high alert. Even though the amount of caffeine content is low as compared to other teas, it is enough for boosting your brain function. Another ingredient that helps in the active functioning of the brain is L-theanine which is responsible for increasing dopamine and works as natural anti-anxiety medicine.
  • Healthy Skin: Polyphenols in green tea improve skin elasticity which reduces the growth of wrinkles as we age. Also, green tea has anti-inflammatory properties which work as an easy remedy for different types of dermatological issues.
  • Help with weight loss: Green tea is a great option for boosting energy metabolism in the body which helps in burning fats. The compound responsible for it is known as EGCG. If you research any fat-burning supplement, there is a high probability that you will see “green tea” on the list of ingredients. This shows the importance of green tea for people who have set goals for losing weight in a specific period.
  • Healthy Breath: Streptococcus mutans are common bacteria that live in our mouth and there is a high risk of infections and tooth decay when there is unnecessary growth of bacteria in our mouth. The catechins in green tea help in preventing the growth of such bacteria and help in achieving healthy breath.

Health benefits of Black Tea

Black tea with full cup of black tea

Yes, it is true that after going through the oxidization process, black tea loses some amount of compounds such as polyphenols and catechins. However, it does not mean that black tea does not provide health benefits. It still contains many antioxidants that are very helpful for improving your health. Many of the benefits are very similar to green tea despite differences in the production process.

  • Help with weight loss: Similar to green tea, black tea assists in weight reduction and research has shown that black tea also helps in reducing body weight. Black tea helps in reducing visceral fat as it prevents inflammation-related weight gain.
  • Kidney Health: One of the reasons that lead to bad kidney health is kidney stones which are caused due to forming of unwanted substances like oxalate and uric acid in the kidney. The different types of herbal teas might contain certain levels of oxalate in them which creates a negative impact on your kidney health. Black tea contains very few levels of such types of oxalate which is good for your kidney health.
  • Mood Improvement: The antioxidants that are active in black tea are beneficial in reducing the stress levels in your brain which helps your brain to relax and influence a positive mood. Likewise, black tea also controls your blood pressure which also helps in improving your mood.
  • Healthy Hair: Hair fall is a common problem for many people. High levels of stress and free radicals are believed to be common reasons for excessive hair loss in women. The antioxidants present in black tea help in reducing stress and fight against free radicals which helps in controlling hair loss.

Selecting your tea

When choosing between green tea and black tea, consider your health goals and caffeine sensitivity:

  • Black Tea: Ideal for those seeking heightened alertness and improved cognitive performance, as it contains higher caffeine levels compared to green tea. Choose black tea if you need an energetic boost.

  • Green Tea: A better option for those sensitive to caffeine but still looking to enhance brain function. Green tea provides a milder increase in alertness and includes health-promoting antioxidants.

Ultimately, both teas offer substantial health benefits, so your choice can also be guided by personal taste preferences and how you feel. Enjoy the unique qualities each tea offers and select based on what suits your mood and needs best.


At Danfe Teawe strive to honor and promote the rich heritage of Nepalese tea. Our commitment goes beyond sales; it's about introducing the world to high-quality teas produced in Nepal's Himalayan region, ensuring the global recognition they deserve. Through supporting local communities and bringing these exceptional teas to the market, we celebrate and elevate the profile of Nepalese tea on the world stage.


What are the main differences between black and green tea leaves?

The primary difference lies in the processing. Black tea leaves undergo complete oxidation, giving them a dark color and richer flavor, while green tea leaves are not oxidized, retaining a lighter color and more delicate taste.

Can drinking green tea improve heart health?

Yes, green tea is known for its antioxidant properties, which can help reduce the risk of heart diseases by improving cholesterol levels and blood flow.

How does the caffeine content in black tea compare to green tea?

Black tea generally contains more caffeine, ranging from 64-112mg per cup, compared to green tea's 20-50mg. This makes black tea more suitable for those seeking a stronger energy boost.

Is it true that green and black tea can aid in weight loss?

Indeed, both green and black teas have compounds that can help with weight management, although through different mechanisms. However, the fat loss effect is not proportional to the amount of tea consumed and the recommended amount is 1-2 cups of tea daily.

Which type of tea is better for stress relief and why?

Both teas offer stress-relieving properties due to their antioxidant content. However, the L-theanine in green tea has a more pronounced effect on reducing anxiety and promoting relaxation. People also enjoy tea with the sunrise, to experience a pleasant start to their day.

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